The definition of intellectual property is “any product or form of expression created by one’s own intellect, which is new and unique (for example literary or artistic works, computer software, work methods, chemical formulas, production cycles, medicines, genetically modified organisms, manufacturing procedures, etc).” A specific type of intellectual property is industrial property (inventions, utility designs, industrial models, ideas for improvement, topography of semi-conducting substances, varieties of plant and breeds of animal, etc.); a second group of intellectual property consists of authors’ rights and related rights. More information about intellectual property can be supplied by the Technology Transfer Office of Masaryk University.
In relation to MU, intellectual property is defined as the result of mutual cooperation between members of the academic community at MU (academic personnel, students) and non-academic personnel, arising from individual creative activity which is supported by the academic environment itself, as well as from the opportunity to take advantage of financial support, infrastructure, and the facilities at MU. Intellectual property created at MU is the property of MU. If another institute has taken part in the creation of this intellectual property, then the concrete share in the intellectual property, as well as financial interests or possible co-ownership including obligations to pay the costs of protecting this property, must be set forth by contract relations.
Protection of intellectual property
In an economic context, the need of various institutions to protect the results of intellectual work is obvious in terms of protection of industrial rights. This protection is in accordance with the legal regulations for the protection of intellectual property; while the legal environment is fully harmonized with that of the European Community. Such protection is also desirable from the standpoint of MU: the owner of the document of protection has the exclusive right to dispose of the object of intellectual property. Without the agreement of the owner, no one else in the territory where the protection applies can use that object: either to produce it, release it on to the market, or consume it. One of the benchmarks of the success of research institutions is number of patents acquired. Objects protected by copyright (literary works, software, etc.) are protected automatically in accordance with copyright laws.
Industrial rights at MU are usually protected by submitting patent applications or an application for the status of utility design. This process is assisted, in cooperation with the author of the discovery and the approval of the patent officer, by the Technology Transfer Office of Masaruk University.
Using intellectual property
The use of intellectual property at MU is addressed in an that specifies or clarifies procedures for the authors of the individual types of objects of industrial property created in fulfilling tasks undertaken as an MU employee or other similar legal relationship with MU. The directive also specifies or clarifies the procedures for authors at MU provided the author has created the work in fulfillment of tasks undertaken as an employee or other similar legal relationship with MU, or by MU students in fulfilling study tasks. The administration of intellectual property at MU falls under the Technology Transfer Office of Masaruk University.