The Faculty of Science was established in 1919; the first students commenced their studies in the autumn of 1920. The faculty is founded on the tradition of Gregor Johann Mendel (1822–1884), the world-famous father of genetics. During the course of its existence, the faculty has successfully produced a number of prominent figures in botany, zoology, chemistry, geography, geology, physics and mathematics. To this day, it remains primarily a research-oriented faculty, offering university education closely linked to both primary and applied research in the following sciences: mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology and the Earth sciences.
To date, the Faculty of Science is credited with several scientific achievements of international significance. Specific areas of research focusing on the harmonic development of the individual natural sciences comprise priority objectives. A substantial part of the faculty’s research activity is also devoted to non-specific research, closely linked to instruction in doctoral degree programmes. The principal research and development activities are derived from long-term trends in each of the major study areas – biology, physics, the Earth sciences, chemistry, biochemistry and mathematics. Biological research focuses primarily on monitoring spatial and temporal changes in plant and animal populations and communities as well as plant growth and stress physiology in relation to the environment and complex molecular biological analyses of the genome of principal organism groups. Research in physics concentrates on material and plasma applications, astrophysics and theoretical physics while research in Earth sciences focuses on geological processes and the evolution of flora and fauna in the geological past as well as on current environmental issues, the development of 3D geo-information infrastructures, the development of cartographic geovisualization methods and geographic and ecological studies of Antarctic vegetation oases. Chemical research centres on the study of chemical and physical compounds, structural analysis, organic and inorganic synthesis, environmental chemistry and chemical process modelling; the focal points of biochemical research include the relationships between biomolecule structure and function as well as their role in the metabolism and enzymology. Mathematical research focuses on the study of functional differential equations, mathematical-statistical models and mathematical structures in algebra and geometry including their application in informatics and physics.
The faculty is also engaged in training future specialists and teachers. Graduates of accredited Teacher Training for Secondary Schools follow-up Master’s degree programmes are fully qualified and eligible for teaching positions in fields such as mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology, geography and cartography. Double-major studies are also available thanks to interfaculty agreements with the Faculty of Arts, Faculty of Education, Faculty of Economics and Administration, Faculty of Informatics and Faculty of Sports Studies.
Master’s degree programme graduates find application as educators and – more importantly – as research workers in both primary and applied research at universities, government research institutes, institutes of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic and in the commercial sector. The best graduates may go on to enrol in either full-time or combined doctoral studies.
Facts and figures
- A total of 4,435 students are enrolled at the faculty: 2,507 in Bachelor’s degree programmes, 1,018 in Master’s degree programmes and 910 in doctoral degree programmes (2012/2013 academic year).
- The faculty consists of 11 departments, 5 institutes and 3 laboratories and employs a total of 937 academic and non-academic workers including 71 professors and 103 associate professors.
- Instruction is provided by a total of 702 teaching staff including 441 MU employees, 76 students and 185 external faculty members.
- A total of 4,113 applicants for studies were registered in 2011; 2,758 were subsequently accepted.
- A total of 30 disabled students are enrolled at the faculty (2011/2012 academic year).
- The number of outgoing students stands at 114, the number of incoming students from abroad is 19 (2011/2012 academic year).
- A total of 982 students graduated from the faculty in 2011: 539 from Bachelor’s programmes, 356 from Master’s programmes and 87 from doctoral programmes.
- Faculty graduates are extremely successful on the job market (see Graduate employment record).
- Since 1951, a total of 23,632 students have graduated from the faculty.