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Metazoan parasites of freshwater cyprinid fish (Leuciscus cephalus): testing biogeographical hypotheses of species diversity

Základní údaje
Originální název:Metazoan parasites of freshwater cyprinid fish (Leuciscus cephalus): testing biogeographical hypotheses of species diversity
Název česky:Mnohobuněční paraziti sladkovodní ryby jelce tlouště (Leuciscus cephalus): testování biogeografických hypotez druhové diverzity
Autoři:Mária Seifertová, Martina Vyskočilová, Serge Morand, Andrea Vetešníková Šimková
Další údaje
Citace:SEIFERTOVÁ, Mária, Martina VYSKOČILOVÁ, Serge MORAND a Andrea VETEŠNÍKOVÁ ŠIMKOVÁ. Metazoan parasites of freshwater cyprinid fish (Leuciscus cephalus): testing biogeographical hypotheses of species diversity. Parasitology, Cambridge, 2008, roč. 2008, č. 135, s. 1417-1435. ISSN 0031-1820.Export BibTeX
@article{771585,
author = {Seifertová, Mária and Vyskočilová, Martina and Morand, Serge and Vetešníková Šimková, Andrea},
article_location = {Cambridge},
article_number = {135},
keywords = {parasite diversity - community similarity - biogeography - phylogeny - distance decay - favourable centre},
language = {eng},
issn = {0031-1820},
journal = {Parasitology},
title = {Metazoan parasites of freshwater cyprinid fish (Leuciscus cephalus): testing biogeographical hypotheses of species diversity},
volume = {2008},
year = {2008}
}
Originální jazyk:angličtina
Obor:Ekologie - společenstva
Druh:Článek v odborném periodiku
Klíčová slova:parasite diversity - community similarity - biogeography - phylogeny - distance decay - favourable centre

The diversity and similarity of parasite communities is a result of many determinants widely considered in parasite ecology. In this study, the metazoan parasite communities of 15 chub populations (Leuciscus cephalus) were sampled across a wide geographical range. Three hypotheses of biogeographical gradients in species diversity were tested: (1) latitudinal gradient, (2) a favourable centre versus local oasis model, and (3) decay of similarity with distance. We found that the localities in marginal zones of chub distribution showed lower parasite species richness and diversity. A latitudinal gradient, with increasing abundance of larvae of Diplostomum species, was observed. There was a general trend for a negative relationship between relative prevalence or abundance and the distance from the locality with maximum prevalence or abundance was found for the majority of parasite species. However, statistical support for a favourable centre model was found only for total abundance of Monogenea and for larvae of Diplostomum species. The phylogenetic relatedness of host populations inferred an important role when the favourable centre model was tested. Testing of the hypothesis of decay of similarity with geographical distance showed that phylogenetic distance was more important as a determinant of similarity in parasite communities than geographical distance between host populations.

The diversity and similarity of parasite communities is a result of many determinants widely considered in parasite ecology. In this study, the metazoan parasite communities of 15 chub populations (Leuciscus cephalus) were sampled across a wide geographical range. Three hypotheses of biogeographical gradients in species diversity were tested: (1) latitudinal gradient, (2) a favourable centre versus local oasis model, and (3) decay of similarity with distance. We found that the localities in marginal zones of chub distribution showed lower parasite species richness and diversity. A latitudinal gradient, with increasing abundance of larvae of Diplostomum species, was observed. There was a general trend for a negative relationship between relative prevalence or abundance and the distance from the locality with maximum prevalence or abundance was found for the majority of parasite species. However, statistical support for a favourable centre model was found only for total abundance of Monogenea and for larvae of Diplostomum species. The phylogenetic relatedness of host populations inferred an important role when the favourable centre model was tested. Testing of the hypothesis of decay of similarity with geographical distance showed that phylogenetic distance was more important as a determinant of similarity in parasite communities than geographical distance between host populations.

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