Publication details

Potravinové preference 15letých – studie ELSPAC

Title in English Food preferences in 15 years old children – an ELSPAC study

FIALA Jindřich KUKLA Lubomír

Year of publication 2013
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Česko-slovenská pediatrie : časopis Pediatrické společnosti
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Medicine

Field Other medical specializations
Keywords nutrition; children; adolescents; food preferences; food; drinks; food groups; foodstuff;
Description Taste and food preferences belong to factors influencing the nutrition of children, its composition and energy intake. Genetically determined taste preferences are responsible for the fact that food preferences rather do not correspond to principles of healthy nutrition. Food preferences mature in the period of adolescence and the changes concern even selection of food. The study investigated food preferences in a large group of adolescents and included the observation to what extent there preferences are projected into a real food selection. The research was performed in 1655 adolescents at the age of 15 years within the framework of an ELSPAC study in the area of Brno city. The preferences and frequencies of consumption were followed in 56 items altogether in 8 food and one drink groups using guided interviews. The preferences were not too well connected with healthy nutrition, showing disagreement in 60% of the most favored items. In contrast, many recommendable kinds of food were quite low in the second half of the preference scale. The reported real consumption, however, reflected quite another picture and corresponds much better to healthy nutrition. This comparison is described in detail by analysis within the framework of individual food groups, some of which are rather homogeneous, whereas in other groups there are greater differences between suitable and less suitable alternatives. Cereals are not favored, but most consumed, whereas fruit is favored and also often consumed. The highest non-homogeneity was on the meat group or protein sources, where items belong to little favored except poultry. On the other hand the consumption of smoked meats is higher than the liking would suggest. Our results revealed in particular that in contrast to general assumptions the preferences and projected into the real selection of food weakly and do not represent a decisive factor. It appears to allow full play for intended favorable influence in children nutrition.

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