Publication details

Strategie seberegulace v dospělosti: selekce, optimalizace a kompenzace ve vynořující se a střední dospělosti

Title in English Self-regulation strategies in adulthood: Selection, optimization, and compensation in emerging and middle adulthood

MILLOVÁ Katarína

Year of publication 2013
Type Conference abstract
Description Self-regulation strategies are important especially during periods when a person goes through different life transitions. The extent to which they are used in life course is changing. This study (N = 185; 109 young adults, aged 20 to 25 years; 76 middle-aged adults, aged 47 to 50 years) was based on Baltes' theory of selective optimization with compensation (SOC). In both age groups we investigated the employment of three self-regulation mechanisms: selection, optimization, and compensation (i.e. life-management strategies). In general, young adults tended to use all of these strategies less than middle-aged adults. Their level of elective selection and compensation was below average. On the contrary, middle-aged adults were more likely to employ especially loss-based selection and optimization. Between-subject t test revealed significant differences between young adults and middle-aged adults in elective selection (t = -1,93; p < 0,01), loss-based selection (t = -1,52; p < 0,01), and optimization (t = -2,22; p < 0,01). No differences were found in compensation. In all detected significant differences, older group reached higher. Our results support previous findings of increased use of life-management strategies in middle-aged adults. They also bring some insight into the dynamics of these strategies over the life course.

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