7 milionů–50 000 př. Kr.: Od hominidů k modernímu člověku.
|Title in English||From hominids up to the modern humans|
|Year of publication||2013|
|Type||Chapter of a book|
|MU Faculty or unit|
|Description||The oldest human ancestors had evolved 7 millons yeas b.p. Australopithecines evolved in two phases: Archaic australopithecines and advanced australopithecines. Genus Homo evolution includes three basic phases: 1. Origin of early Homo, 2. Evolution of archaic Homo species a origin of archaic Homo sapiens, 3. Differentiation of archaic Homo sapiens into Neanderthals and anatomically modern humans. Neanderthals and anatomically modern humans (AMH) emerged by the end of Riss glaciation by differentiation of African and European populations of archaic Homo sapiens – Neanderthal in Europe and western Asia and AMH in Africa. Neanderthal were genetically very close to AMH and we can suppose occasional hybridization. Neanderthal gradually disappeared and Homo sapies has begun colonization of the World.|