Publication details

Naděje a smysluplnost: klíčové faktory osobní pohody

Title in English Hope and meaningfulness: Key components of subjective well-being


Year of publication 2014
Type Conference abstract
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Description The aim of the study is to explore the subject of hope and personal wishes in sample of Czech population, to reveal significant psychological and demographic correlates and predictors of well-being and to determine which variables are closely associated with successful coping with traumatic life events. The sample consisted of 1409 respondents (80% females, 20% males, age between 15 and 75). The online data collection took place in November 2013. We used Adult Hope Scale (Snyder et al., 1991), Meaningfulness Scale – SoMe (Schnell, 2009), General Life Satisfaction Scale (Dalbert et al., 1984), Positive Relations Scale (Ryff, 1989) a Changes in Outlook Questionnaire (Joseph et al., 2006). Demographic data were also obtained. The correlation analysis revealed significant correlations (p<0.01) between well-being and hope, meaningfulness, positive relationships and subjective health. ANOVA and stepwise regression analysis revealed that key predictors of well-being are higher meaningfulness and hope, and lower level of negative outcomes after traumatic event (p<0.05). People with higher educational degree, those living in partnership and those who have a volunteer activities are significantly more hopeful, experience higher meaningfulness of life and they are happier. International comparison of the results indicates that Czech respondents are in comparison with German and Swiss samples less optimistic, less hopeful and satisfied, but they show higher degree of meaningfulness of life.

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