Publication details

Recessive solutions for nonoscillatory discrete symplectic systems

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Year of publication 2015
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Linear Algebra and Its Applications
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Science

Field General mathematics
Keywords Recessive solution; Discrete symplectic system; Nonoscillation; Minimal recessive solution; Controllability; Conjoined basis; Order of abnormality; Moore-Penrose pseudoinverse
Description In this paper we introduce a new concept of a recessive solution for discrete symplectic systems, which does not require any eventual controllability assumption. We prove that the existence of a recessive solution is equivalent with the nonoscillation of the system and that recessive solutions can have any rank between explicitly given lower and upper bounds. The smallest rank corresponds to the minimal recessive solution, which is unique up to a right nonsingular multiple, while the largest rank yields the traditional maximal recessive solution. We also present a method for constructing some (but not all) recessive solutions having a block diagonal structure from systems in lower dimension. Our results are new even for special discrete symplectic systems, such as for even order Sturm--Liouville difference equations and linear Hamiltonian difference systems.
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