Publication details

Understanding of hybrid PVD–PECVD process with the aim of growing hard nc-TiC/a-C:H coatings using industrial devices with a rotating cylindrical magnetron



Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Surface & Coatings Technology
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Science

Field Plasma physics
Keywords Nanocomposite; Magnetron sputtering; Process control; Mechanical properties; Titanium–carbon; Industrial process
Description Titanium–carbon hard coatings were deposited by sputtering using a rotating cylindrical titanium target in an argon/acetylene gas mixture on cemented tungsten-carbide substrates which were placed on a DC-biasable holder to performa complex rotation around the central rotating cylindrical Ti cathode.While the optimal deposition process parameters to growthe coating of the highest possible hardness and lowfriction coefficientwere sought, the plasma parameters were monitored and correlated with the properties of the deposited coatings. The Ti/Ar line intensity and the cathode voltage exhibited a sudden drop at the conditions forwhich themaximal hardness was reached. EDX analyses also showed a sudden drop in the atomic concentration of titanium and a sudden increase in that of carbon at the same moment. The maximal hardness of the coating was always achieved at the conditions that preceded these sudden changes, so this phenomenon was used to set the optimal deposition parameters to produce hard,well-adherent and sufficiently thick titanium–carbon coatings using the industrially attractive concept of a rotating cylindrical magnetron.
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