Publication details

Control of micro/mesoporosity in non-hydrolytic hybrid silicophosphate xerogels

Authors

STÝSKALÍK Aleš ŠKODA David MORAVEC Zdeněk BABIAK Michal BARNES Craig E. PINKAS Jiří

Year of publication 2015
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Journal of Materials Chemistry A
MU Faculty or unit

Central European Institute of Technology

Citation
Web http://pubs.rsc.org/en/Content/ArticleLanding/2015/TA/C4TA06823H#!divAbstract
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c4ta06823h
Field Inorganic chemistry
Keywords ORGANIC-INORGANIC MATERIALS; SOL-GEL POLYMERIZATION; ACID-BASE REACTION; BRIDGED POLYSILSESQUIOXANES; PHOSPHOSILICATE GLASSES; VIBRATIONAL-SPECTRA; FUEL-CELLS; SILSESQUIOXANE; PRECURSORS; CHEMISTRY
Description Non-hydrolytic sol-gel reactions of acetoxysilanes with trimethylsilyl esters of phosphoric and phosphonic acids produce cross-linked matrices containing homogeneous dispersions of silicon and phosphoryl groups connected together by networks of Si-O-P(=O) linkages. These polycondensation reactions proceed cleanly and under mild conditions for a wide variety of precursor silanes RnSi(OAc)(4-n) (R = alkyl, aryl; n = 1, 2) and phosphoryl compounds RP(O)(OSiMe3)(2) (R = alkyl, aryl) to provide hybrid xerogels, the final properties of which are a sensitive function of the organic substituents and the Si : P ratio of the precursors. The reactions of bridged acetoxysilanes (AcO)(3)Si-X-Si(OAc)(3) and phosphoryl reagents (Me3SiO)(2)P(O)-X-P(O)(OSiMe3)(2) have also been investigated and found to produce gels that exhibit large surface areas (up to 700 m(2) g(-1)). The presence of SiO6 structural units in bridged-phosphoryl xerogels is related to their microporosity while the absence of such moieties in bridged-acetoxysilane networks is congruent with significant mesoporosity. Several important parameters are identified which can be used to tailor the properties of these hybrid matrices such that gels with specific polarity, porosity and surface area can be targeted at the time of synthesis.
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