Publication details

Combined Proteomics and Transcriptomics Identifies Carboxypeptidase B1 and Nuclear Factor kappa B (NF-kappa B) Associated Proteins as Putative Biomarkers of Metastasis in Low Grade Breast Cancer

Authors

BOUCHAL Pavel DVOŘÁKOVÁ Monika ROUMELIOTIS Theodoros BORTLÍČEK Zbyněk IHNATOVÁ Ivana PROCHÁZKOVÁ Iva HO JTC MARYÁŠ Josef IMRICHOVÁ Hana BUDINSKÁ Eva VYZULA Rostislav GARBIS SD VOJTĚŠEK Bořivoj NENUTIL Rudolf

Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source MOLECULAR & CELLULAR PROTEOMICS
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Science

Citation
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/mcp.M114.041335
Field Biochemistry
Keywords Breast cancer; metastasis; low grade; biomarkers; cancer biology; gene expression; iTRAQ; mass spectrometry; Orbitrap FTMS; transcriptomics; Carboxypeptidase B1; NFkB
Description Current prognostic factors are insufficient for precise risk-discrimination in breast cancer patients with low grade breast tumors, which, in disagreement with theoretical prognosis, occasionally form early lymph node metastasis. To identify markers for this group of patients, we employed iTRAQ-2DLC-MS/MS proteomics to 24 lymph node positive and 24 lymph node negative grade 1 luminal A primary breast tumors. Another group of 48 high-grade tumors (luminal B, triple negative, Her-2 subtypes) was also analyzed to investigate marker specificity for grade 1 luminal A tumors. From the total of 4405 proteins identified (FDR<5%), the top 65 differentially expressed together with 30 previously identified and control markers were analyzed also at transcript level. Increased levels of carboxypeptidase B1 (CPB1), PDZ and LIM domain protein 2 (PDLIM2), and ring finger protein 25 (RNF25) were associated specifically with lymph node positive grade 1 tumors, whereas stathmin 1 (STMN1) and thymosin beta 10 (TMSB10) associated with aggressive tumor phenotype also in high grade tumors at both protein and transcript level. For CPB1, these differences were also observed by immunohistochemical analysis on tissue microarrays. Upregulation of putative biomarkers in lymph node positive (versus negative) luminal A tumors was validated by gene expression analysis of an independent published data set (n = 343) for CPB1 (p = 0.00155), PDLIM2 (p = 0.02027) and RELA (p = 0.00015). Moreover, statistically significant connections with patient survival were identified in another public data set (n = 1678). Our findings indicate unique pro-metastatic mechanisms in grade 1 tumors that can include up-regulation of CPB1, activation of NF-kappa B pathway and changes in cell survival and cytoskeleton. These putative biomarkers have potential to identify the specific minor subpopulation of breast cancer patients with low grade tumors who are at higher than expected risk of recurrence.
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