Publication details

„Odkladám, nestíham, a predsa som macher“: Analýza kontroverzného konceptu „aktívneho prokrastinátora“ z pohľadu Action Control Theory

Title in English Always running late but still cool: An analysis of the controversial “active procrastinator” concept from the perspective of the Action Control Theory


Year of publication 2015
Type Appeared in Conference without Proceedings
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Description The concept of „active procrastination“ (Chu & Choi, 2005), according to which procrastination can be used for increasing work efficiency and motivation, has been strongly criticized for insufficient empirical evidence as well as for being in contradiction with the widely accepted definition of procrastination. Using data from several independent samples (n = 287, 668 a 283), I attempt to propose an explanation of how the concept of “active procrastination” might have come to being, and what it is that actually makes an “active” procrastinator different from a traditionally conceived “passive” procrastinator. Using k-means clustering, I was able to identify two groups of procrastinators in each of the samples based solely on self-efficacy scores. It turned out that procrastinators reporting high self-efficacy generally tended to view their own functioning more positively than procrastinators with low self-efficacy, although actual behaviour and performance were pretty much the same in both groups. These procrastinators were also more inclined to identifying with the role of a procrastinator and considering time pressure as necessary for achieving optimum performance. This difference seemed to be related to specific patterns of affect regulation according to Kuhl’s Action Control Theory: Although all procrastinators have difficulties initiating action without external triggers, for those who are able to downregulate negative affect effectively procrastination and rushing at the last minute may actually be a completely different type of experience than for those who tend to reflect on their negative emotions.

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