Publication details

Sc- and REE-rich tourmaline replaced by Sc-rich REE-bearing epidote-group mineral from the mixed (NYF plus LCT) Kracovice pegmatite (Moldanubian Zone, Czech Republic)

Investor logo
Investor logo
Investor logo


Year of publication 2015
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source American Mineralogist
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Science

Field Geology and mineralogy
Keywords Schorl; fluor-elbaite; tourmaline replacement; Sc-rich REE-bearing epidote-group mineral; granitic pegmatite; Bohemian Massif
Description Primary black thick-prismatic Al-rich schorl to rare fluor-schorl (TurP1), locally overgrown by brownish-green Li-rich fluor-schorl to fluor-elbaite (TurP2) from the Kracovice pegmatite (mixed NYF+LCT signature), was partly replaced by secondary Li-rich fluor-schorl to fluor-elbaite (TurS) plus the assemblage REE-bearing epidote-group mineral + chamosite. Primary Al-rich schorl (TurP1) shows high and variable contents of Sc (33-364 ppm) and Y+REE (40-458 ppm) with steep, LREE-enriched REE pattern. Overgrowing (TurP2) and replacing (TurS) Li-rich fluor-schorl to fluor-elbaite is typically depleted in Sc (21-60 ppm) and Y+REE (3-47 ppm) with well-developed tetrad effect in the first (La-Nd) and the second (Sm-Gd) tetrads. Scandium- and REE-rich black tourmaline (TurP1) crystallized earlier from the melt, whereas crystallization of primary Li-rich fluor-schorl to fluor-elbaite (TurP2) most likely took place during late magmatic to early hydrothermal conditions. Both the secondary Li-rich fluor-schorl to fluor-elbaite (TurS) and the unusual assemblage of REE-bearing epidote-group mineral + chamosite are likely coeval products of subsolidus reactions of the magmatic Al-rich schorl (TurP1) with evolved REE-poor, Li,F-rich, alkaline pegmatite-derived fluids. Well-crystalline REE-bearing epidote-group mineral (Y+REE = 0.42-0.60 apfu) confirmed by Raman spectroscopy has a steep, LREE-rich chondrite-normalized REE pattern with significant negative Eu anomaly and shows variable and high contents of Sc (<= 3.3 wt% Sc2O3) and Sn (<= 1.0 wt% SnO2). Substitution ScAl-1, and minor vacancy in the octahedral sites are suggested in the REE-bearing epidote-group mineral.
Related projects:

You are running an old browser version. We recommend updating your browser to its latest version.

More info