Publication details

Topics of Ethics of Science in the Context of Philosophy of Education

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ČERNÝ Michal

Year of publication 2015
Type Article in Proceedings
Conference ATINER's Conference Paper Series EDU 2015-1702
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Education

Field Pedagogy and education
Keywords ethics; responsibility; ethics of scientific work
Description Ethics can be seen as a discipline of practical philosophy, which tries to answer the question: "how on be should behave, to act correct." It can be divided into certain subgroups that certain common denominator - so we can talk about the ethics of scientific work, bioethics, medical ethics, journalistic ethics and many others. These sub-disciplines based on general ethical principles and knowledge that are further supplemented by specific area, according to the specifics of the topic. The problem may be the very definition, according to which ethical principles or principles of action. There are four basic options. Normative ethics, which is based on the existence of rules that should always be followed. Another option is a utilitarian approach (coinciding with the teleological), which monitors the utility for the entire company, ie effects of negotiations. Third, today is a very progressive way of virtue ethics - scientist, student, and everyone should be especially good and virtuous. The behavior then follows from his character. The last option is situational ethics. Ethics of science is the application part of ethics which heavily uses the normative rules of deontological ethics and tries to answer the question of how to work well in science. Most often, in this case, the issue of plagiarism but themes can be found much more: incomplete reporting of results, practical perform experiments, social responsibility or pseudoscience. The paper will look for examples and opportunities to the topic of ethical behavior reflected in the teaching of science. The analysis of social responsibility for research that is now associated with the project such as Manhattan, should be an integral part of each student's thinking. It's not just about his training for ethical work as a scientist, but also on the ability of active participation in important social issues (such as nano technology, nuclear energy, global warming ...) and the ability to logically and ethically support by valid arguments.
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