Publication details

Vliv časové struktury na odkládání studijních úkolů, sebeposuzovanou prokrastinaci a subjektivně prožívaný stres

Title in English The effect of time structure on delay of academic tasks, self-reported procrastination and subjective stress


Year of publication 2016
Type Appeared in Conference without Proceedings
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Description Research suggests that higher structure increases perception of control over one’s time and reduces subjective stress (Häfner & Stock, 2010). The present study explored the effects of perceived structure of one’s studies and structure of everyday functioning (presence of daily routines) on procrastination and subjective stress. We expected that higher structure will lead to less procrastination and, subsequently, less stress. However, we also expected that people with restrictive daily routines will perceive less severe delay as procrastination, as they will be more likely to perceive time as a limited resource. Thus, we asked 450 students of various fields (322 female, Mean age = 22.2) to complete measures of academic procrastination, perceived study structure and perceived daily structure, and a form regarding latest exams and written assignments, asking about temporal information on available time and time spent working, perceived procrastination, and associated stress. Both study structure and daily structure had weak negative relationships with academic procrastination (r = - .10, r = - .24) and actual task delay (r = - .11; r = - .24). While the relationship between study structure and self-reported procrastination was completely explained by delay, daily structure had independent relationships with both procrastination and delay. In addition, students with high daily structure reported earlier optimum time to start working and showed stronger correlation between delay and self-reported procrastination. A mediation analysis showed an ambivalent relationship between structure and stress: Although structure may reduce stress through reduced procrastination, it can also increase stress independent of procrastination, possibly due to punishment threats.

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