Publication details

Recent regional climate cooling on the Antarctic Peninsula and associated impacts on the cryosphere

Authors

OLIVA Marc NAVARRO Francisco HRBÁČEK Filip HERNANDÉZ Armand NÝVLT Daniel PERREIRA Paulo RUIZ-FERNANDÉZ Jesus TRIGO Ricardo

Year of publication 2017
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Science of the Total Environment
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Science

Citation
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.12.030
Field Earth magnetism, geography
Keywords Antarctic Peninsula; Climate variability; Cooling; Cryosphere
Description The Antarctic Peninsula (AP) is often described as a regionwith one of the largestwarming trends on Earth since the 1950s, based on the temperature trend of 0.54 °C/decade during 1951–2011 recorded at Faraday/Vernadsky station. Accordingly, most works describing the evolution of the natural systems in the AP region cite this extreme trend as the underlying cause of their observed changes. However, a recent analysis (Turner et al., 2016) has shown that the regionally stacked temperature record for the last three decades has shifted from a warming trend of 0.32 °C/decade during 1979–1997 to a cooling trend of -0.47 °C/decade during 1999–2014.While that study focuses on the period 1979–2014, averaging the data over the entire AP region, we here update and reassess the spatially-distributed temperature trends and inter-decadal variability from 1950 to 2015, using data from ten stations distributed across the AP region. We show that Faraday/Vernadsky warming trend is an extreme case, circa twice those of the long-term records from other parts of the northern AP. Our results also indicate that the cooling initiated in 1998/1999 has been most significant in the N and NE of the AP and the South Shetland Islands (more than 0.5 °C between the two last decades), modest in the Orkney Islands, and absent in the SW of the AP. This recent cooling has already impacted the cryosphere in the northern AP, including slow-down of glacier recession, a shift to surface mass gains of the peripheral glacier and a thinning of the active layer of permafrost in northern AP islands.
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