Publication details

Limit-Deterministic Büchi Automata for Linear Temporal Logic



Type Article in Proceedings
Conference Computer Aided Verification - 28th International Conference, CAV 2016
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Informatics

Field Informatics
Keywords verification; probabilistic model checking; temporal logic; automata; determinism
Description Limit-deterministic Büchi automata can replace deterministic Rabin automata in probabilistic model checking algorithms, and can be significantly smaller. We present a direct construction from an LTL formula \phi to a limit-deterministic Büchi automaton. The automaton is the combination of a non-deterministic component, guessing the set of eventually true G-subformulas of \phi , and a deterministic component verifying this guess and using this information to decide on acceptance. Contrary to the indirect approach of constructing a non-deterministic automaton for \phi and then applying a semi-determinisation algorithm, our translation is compositional and has a clear logical structure. Moreover, due to its special structure, the resulting automaton can be used not only for qualitative, but also for quantitative verification of MDPs, using the same model checking algorithm as for deterministic automata. This allows one to reuse existing efficient implementations of this algorithm without any modification. Our construction yields much smaller automata for formulas with deep nesting of modal operators and performs at least as well as the existing approaches on general formulas.
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