Publication details

The effect of eight common herbicides on the predatory activity of the agrobiont spider Pardosa agrestis



Year of publication 2016
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source BioControl
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Science

Field Zoology
Keywords Spiders; Pesticide residues; Sublethal effect; Foraging
Description The impact of eight herbicides in different residual stages on the predatory activity of a potential biological control agent, the wolf spider Pardosa agrestis, was studied in the laboratory. We found that fresh wet residues of all tested herbicides negatively affected the total and cumulative predatory activity of this species. Moreover, treatment with 48-h-old residues of the glufosinate ammonium herbicide Basta induced a significant increase in predatory activity in P. agrestis, presumably as a consequence of hormesis. These results imply that the natural pest control provided by the agrobiont spider P. agrestis can be weakened by the application of the studied herbicides. On the basis of our results, we suggest that sublethal effects on beneficial organisms should be considered in the planning of weed management of agroecosystems and should not be omitted from the herbicide registration process.
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