Publication details

Heterolobosean amoebae from Arctic and Antarctic extremes: 18 novel strains of Allovahlkampfia, Vahlkampfia and Naegleria

Authors

TYML Tomáš SKULINOVÁ Kateřina KAVAN Jan DITRICH Oleg KOSTKA Martin DYKOVÁ Iva

Year of publication 2016
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source European Journal of Protistology
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Science

Citation
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejop.2016.08.003
Field Microbiology, virology
Keywords Arctic; Antarctic; Heterolobosea; Molecular taxonomy; Tetramitia
Description The diversity of heterolobosean amoebae, important members of soil, marine and freshwater microeukaryote communities in the temperate zones, is greatly under-explored in high latitudes. To address this imbalance, we studied the diversity of this group of free-living amoebae in the Arctic and the Antarctic using culture dependent methods. Eighteen strain representatives of three heterolobosean genera, Allovahlkampfia Walochnik et Mulec, 2009 (1 strain), Vahlkampfia Chatton et Lalung-Bonnaier, 1912 (2) and Naegleria Alexeieff, 1912 (15) were isolated from 179 samples of wet soil and fresh water with sediments collected in 6 localities. The Allovahkampfia strain is the first representative of the genus from the Antarctic; 14 strains (7 from the Arctic, 7 from the Antarctic) of the highly represented genus Naegleria complete the 'polar' cluster of five Naegleria species previously known from the Arctic and Sub-Antarctic regions, whereas one strain enriches the 'dobsoni' cluster of Naegleria strains of diverse origin. Present isolations of Naegleria polaris De Jonckheere, 2006 from Svalbard, in the Arctic and Vega Island, in the Antarctic and N. neopolaris De Jonckheere, 2006 from Svalbard and Greenland in the Arctic, and James Ross Island, the Antarctic demonstrate their bipolar distribution, which in free-living amoebae has so far only been known for Vermistella Morand et Anderson, 2007. (C) 2016 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.
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