Publication details

Oscillatory reactivity to effortful cognitive processing in the subthalamic nucleus and internal pallidum: a depth electrode EEG study

Authors

BOČKOVÁ Martina CHLÁDEK Jan JURAK Pavel HALAMEK Josef RAPCSAK Steven Z. BALÁŽ Marek CHRASTINA Jan REKTOR Ivan

Year of publication 2017
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Journal of Neural Transmission
MU Faculty or unit

Central European Institute of Technology

Citation
Web https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00702-017-1719-6
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00702-017-1719-6
Field Neurology, neurosurgery, neurosciences
Keywords Subthalamic nucleus; Internal globus pallidum; Complex cognitive functions; Lateralization; Deep brain stimulation; ERD/S
Description This study investigates how complex motor-cognitive activities are processed in the subthalamic nucleus (STN) and internal globus pallidum (GPi), as adverse neuropsychiatric effects may accompany deep brain stimulation (DBS), mainly in Parkinson's disease (PD) and STN-DBS. Dystonia patients with GPi-DBS electrodes (n = 5) and PD subjects (n = 5) with STN-DBS electrodes performed two tasks: (1) copying letters; and (2) writing any letter other than that appearing on the monitor. The cognitive load of the second task was greater than that of the first. Intracranial local field potentials (LFPs) were analysed. A beta power decrease was the main correlate of the enhanced cognitive load during the second task in both structures, with a lateralization to the left side, mainly in the GPi. A gamma power increase linked with the increased cognitive activity was observed only in the STN. Differences were also observed in the theta and alpha bandpasses. Beta ERD reactivity seems to be essential during the processing of complex motor-cognitive tasks, increases with enhanced cognitive effort, and was observed in both the STN and GPi. Oscillatory reactivity to effortful cognitive processing in other frequency bands was less consistent, with differences between the studied nuclei. Lateralization of activity related to cognitive factors was observed mainly in the GPi.
Related projects: