Publication details

A Case for Global Democracy? Arms Exports and Conflicting Goals in Democracy Promotion

Authors

DUFEK Pavel MOCHŤAK Michal

Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Journal of International Relations and Development
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Social Studies

Citation
WWW Article at publisher's website
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/s41268-017-0114-0
Field Political sciences
Keywords Arms exports; Conflicting goals; Democracy promotion; Democratic theory; Global democracy; Liberal democracy
Description Employing the framework of conflicting goals in democracy promotion as a departure point, the paper addresses the issue of arms exports to non-democratic countries as an important research topic which points to a reconsideration of certain fundamental conceptual and normative commitments underpinning democracy promotion. Empirically, we remind of the lingering hypocrisy of Western arms exporters, knowing that exports to non-democratic countries often hinder or block democratisation. This is not easily circumvented because of the many conflicting objectives both internal and external to democracy promotion itself. Yet, democracy and human rights promotion remain, ethically and pragmatically, important policy goals. Noting that the self-evident character of the state-based liberal democratic model is being increasingly questioned in the literature, we then critically explore a radical, and surprisingly natural, alternative vision: namely, if the commitment to democracy and human rights is to be genuine, only global democracy remains a viable way of resolving the many dilemmas, as it aspires to deal both with regulating arms exports and building accountable decision-making structures. Although we ultimately reject the globalist solution and lean towards a less radical constructivist approach, we endorse the underlying rationale that democracy promotion needs to embrace normative democratic theory sincerely.
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