(Ne)závislosť na poli : kognitívny štýl či schopnosť?
|Title in English||Field in(dependence) : cognitive style or ability|
|Type||Article in Periodical|
|Magazine / Source||TESTFÓRUM : Časopis pro psychologickou diagnostiku|
|MU Faculty or unit|
|Keywords||field dependence; cognitive style; cognitive ability; psychometrics|
|Description||Presented short paper deals with testing of cognitive style of field dependence/independence by Herman Witkin. This cognitive style described in fifties was wildly criticized in last couple of decades. The criticism was aimed towards the definition of a cognitive style and also towards methods evaluating and testing this so called cognitive style. The paper describes various methods of testing this style and provides brief overview of a criticism of the concept. The main goal of this paper is to provide a historical overview of testing cognitive style of field dependence/independence and to evaluate test created for that purpose (Embedded Figures Test). The reader will find out that EFT is not a completely valid method of testing cognitive style mentioned above and there are some doubts about what this test is really measuring. EFT will be introduced from a slightly different angle, as an interesting method of testing spatial cognitive ability or general intelligence, but these new options of use of EFT require further research.|