Publication details

Sex differences in oral health in the Early Medieval non-adult population from Znojmo-Hradiště, Czech Republic



Year of publication 2017
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Česká antropologie: Časopis České společnosti antropologické
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Education

Keywords dental caries; localised hypoplasia of primary canines; molecular-biological determination of sex; non-adults; Slavic population
Description The present study aimed to compare dental caries and LHPC (localised hypoplasia of primary canines) on deciduous and permanent teeth in male and female non-adult individuals of the Slavic population from the 9th to the first half of the 10th century CE in the South Moravian burial ground of Znojmo-Hradiště, Czech Republic. The sex of the 37 non-adult individuals was molecular-biological determined. This analysis allowed to compare the incidence of the dental caries and LHPC between both boys and girls. The macroscopy method was used to detect dental caries and only cavitations were count as tooth decay. LHPC was searched for via oblique light, zoom and stereomicroscope respectively. The differences between the males’ and females’ oral health were statistically tested. The distribution of dental caries within the male and female groups shows clearly worse oral health among girls. The statistically significant differences were found between numbers of males‘ and females‘ carious teeth among both, deciduous and permanent teeth. The incidence of LHPC in males’ primary canines is statistically significantly higher: 41.18% of males’ canines were affected by LHPC, 20.83% of females’ canines were affected by LHPC. Some studies of the recent populations have not evinced the difference between boys and girls in the incidence of the dental caries in non-adults. In our study, the difference could be influenced by a low number of the individuals or some of the discussed genetic, behavioural or hormonal reason. We reported only preliminary results and this study will continue.

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