Publication details

Advancing the Use of Passive Sampling in Risk Assessment and Management of Sediments Contaminated with Hydrophobic Organic Chemicals: Results of an International Ex Situ Passive Sampling Interlaboratory Comparison


JONKER Michiel T. O. VAN DER HEIJDEN Stephan A. ADELMAN Dave APELL Jennifer N. BURGESS Robert M. CHOI Yongju FERNANDEZ Loretta A. FLAVETTA Geanna M. GHOSH Upal GSCHWEND Philip M. HALE Sarah E. JALALIZADEH Mehregan KHAIRY Mohammed LAMPI Mark A. LAO Wenjian LOHMANN Rainer LYDY Michael J. MARUYA Keith A. NUTILE Samuel A. OEN Amy M. P. RAKOWSKA Magdalena I. REIBLE Danny RUSINA Tatsiana SMEDES Foppe WU Yanwen

Year of publication 2018
Type Article in Periodical
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Science

Description This work presents the results of an international interlaboratory comparison on ex situ passive sampling in sediments. The main objectives were to map the state of the science in passively sampling sediments, identify sources of variability, provide recommendations and practical guidance for standardized passive sampling, and advance the use of passive sampling in regulatory decision making by increasing confidence in the use of the technique. The study was performed by a consortium of 11 laboratories and included experiments with 14 passive sampling formats on 3 sediments for 25 target chemicals (PAHs and PCBs). The resulting overall interlaboratory variability was large (a factor of similar to 10), but standardization of methods halved this variability. The remaining variability was primarily due to factors not related to passive sampling itself, i.e., sediment heterogeneity and analytical chemistry. Excluding the latter source of variability, by performing all analyses in one laboratory, showed that passive sampling results can have a high precision and a very low intermethod variability (

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