Publication details

Enlightenment and music in Brno in the 2nd half of the 18th century



Year of publication 2018
Type Appeared in Conference without Proceedings
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Description In 1745, in the capital of Moravia, one of the last opulent baroque celebrations took place, but it was no longer of a purely religious character. It took place in the middle of the Seven-Year War, and so recalled the famous defense of the city in 1645. Contemporary accounts noted the sense of order and decency of the whole celebration. They illustrate a certain change in society which is subtly perceptible in the music. This is undoubtedly related to the transformation of the repertoire of the city theater, as well as to a different attitude on the part of state and city institutions towards itinerant musicians (1766). At the same time, when the altars of the parish church of St. James were completely refurbished, the City Council required the newly appointed master of music in the parish church, Peregrino Gravani, to regularly acquire sheet music in “the new style” (1763). During the reforms of Emperor Joseph II, church music was influenced not only by the new liturgical order (1784), but also by the re-organization of pastoral care and the resulting foundation of new parishes. This article will focus on the relationship between Joseph's reforms and sacred music. Close attention will be paid to musical practice in the newly established parishes and cooperation with the musicians of the parish church of St. James.
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