Tradition: an advantage, or a hindrance for research in mathematics?
|Year of publication||2018|
|Type||Appeared in Conference without Proceedings|
|MU Faculty or unit|
|Description||Presentation of research based on archival and primary sources. Abstract: Continuing in the tradition of the 19th century romantic revival of the Czech language, Czechoslovak national community jumped into the international endeavours of mathematicians.The young geometer Bohumil Bydžovský (1880-1969) joined the ICM in 1908 as a participant and twelve years later at the ICM in Strasbourg, he was one of the speakers, thus becoming a regular representative of Czechoslovakia at this event. Between the congress in Rome and the one in Strassbourg, the new Czechoslovak republic was founded. The overall political change brought alterations also in scientific life: although theoffsprings of the split of Prague university in 1882, the Czech and German universities in Prague, continued to co-exist until 1939, the setting in which they were operating changed. Until the founding of Masaryk University in Brno in1919, Prague university was the only one where mathematics, among other disciplines, was practised in Czech. In 1919, itsimple existence brought the competition intended by Masaryk. Not only in differential geometry, the tradition in Prague was suddenly challenged by novelties in Brno.|