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Druhé zajetí Václava IV. z italské perspektivy

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Title in English The Second Captivity of Wenceslas IV from the Italian Perspective


Year of publication 2017
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Studia mediaevalia Bohemica
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Keywords Wenceslas IV; Sigismund of Luxembourg; king's captivity; Romzug; diplomacy; Mantua; Gonzaga family
Description In March 1402, Wenceslas IV, king of Bohemia and (deposed) king of the Romans, was imprisoned for the second time. This time, his jailor was his brother, King Sigismund of Hungary, who tried to seize power in the kingdom of Bohemia. The present study attempts to shed new light on this "unheard of" event and its background, focusing on one particular aspect: the organization of a planned, but never realised coronation journey of King Wenceslas to Rome, organised by Sigismund. Based on an analysis of both known and newly uncovered sources, the author shows that, although it seems absurd at first sight, Sigismund made a great deal of diplomatic efforts in order to prepare this unusual campagin and evidently wanted to see it through. The reason why the whole project failed in the end is most probably the death of the main ally of the Luxembourg dynasty in Italy, Duke Giangaleazzo Visconti of Milan, in September 1402. The study also includes a critical edition of some related correspondence from the Gonzaga archive in Mantua.
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