Publication details

Individualita jako biologická báze subjektivity

Title in English Individuality as a biological basis of subjectivity


Year of publication 2016
Type Chapter of a book
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Medicine

Description All the empirically atteinable subjects are organisms, it means biological individualitiess. Despite the efforts made in the last 20 years, biology has failed to provide a satisfactory definition of the individual, or organism. It is a consequence of a positivist approach dominating evolutionary doctrine, which refuses to recognize aspects of individuality such as functional integrity or autonomy of the organism and, above all, the ability to experience, to be a subject. Existing "definitions" focus on circumstances that are more or less loosely related to individuality, respectively. they are a condition or support, but not a sufficient cause. Probably none of these "definitions" apply to all living organisms. The solution belongs to philosophy, in the author's opinion above all phenomenological.

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