Publication details

Dekódování charismatu – rysy a metody k jeho odkrytí

Title in English Charisma decoding – features and methods to uncover
Authors

BLAŽEJ Adam

Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Psychologie a její kontexty
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Sports Studies

Citation
Web http://psychkont.osu.cz/fulltext/2018/18-2_Blazej.pdf
Keywords charisma; psychology of personality; intrapsychological characteristics; interpsychological characteristics; physical characteristics
Description People have been fascinated by the charisma phenomenon since the very ancient times. What makes somebody charismatic, why do some people have it and others do not, and what is it all about? Charismatic people seem to have given something that others can only silently envy. Charismatic people can communicate in a way that others follow them and accept their opinions and values, sometimes even at the expense of their own. Which may seem rather unfair if we consider that other people can hardly do this. However, this article aims to summarize the facts about charisma to make it possible to identify the individual aspects that make it up. It is known that charisma does not refer to only one personality trait or facial feature but that it forms and affects a whole range of aspects. These aspects will be divided into several groups according to their common features. The essence of this division is both the clarification of the whole concept and the identification of tools or methods in relation to the development of a specific aspect of charisma. This article is therefore a systematic review which includes the previous empirical research (e. g. Cara et al., 2011; Cuddy, Wilmuth & Carney, 2012; Todorov et al., 2005) and also works with expert opinions (Leann, 2011; Hodgson, 2010; Robbins & Decenzo, 2001) with the aim of identifying and analyzing them. The criteria for including selected studies is their origin after 1950 and selected keywords. These are selected based on the definitions in the Theoretical Basics section and are: leadership, leader, embodiment, powerful, emotions, authority, selfesteem, selfdetermination, inner uncertainties, inspiration, motivation, communication, locus of control, behavior. The research will therefore summarize a great part of information and aspects that affects the phenomenon described. The summary conducts a wide range of these aspects (predominantly intrapsychological and interpsychological) and it can be maintained by a certain behavioral patterns or psychotherapeutic methods. These are listed at the end of the article in the summary section but described very briefly. More detail information can be found in the literature dealing with this specific problem. The output of the article is applicable to a variety of professions: from directors, teachers, trainers to any other person acting from the position of leader. Also a person interested in psychosocial development, because charisma, as is known, significantly contributes to social interactions and is also associated with the high selfconfidence which the individual might find useful.