Publication details

Coxiella burnetii and Francisella tularensis in wild small mammals from the Czech Republic

Authors

BÁRTOVÁ Eva KUČEROVÁ Hana Lya ŽÁKOVSKÁ Alena BUDÍKOVÁ Marie NEJEZCHLEBOVÁ Helena

Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Education

Citation
Web https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1877959X1930072X?via%3Dihub
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ttbdis.2019.101350
Keywords Apodemus; Myodes; Q fever; Serology; Tularemia
Description Wild rodents are an important source of the tick-borne pathogens Coxiella burnetii and Francisella tularensis. The aim of our study was to assess the prevalence of antibodies and possible coexistence of these pathogens in wild small mammals from three localities in the Czech Republic. A total of 614 wild small mammals (324 Apodemus flavicollis, 145 Myodes glareolus, 50 Sorex araneus, 48 A. sylvaticus, 40 A. agrarius, six Microtus arvalis and one Talpa europaea) were trapped between 2012 and 2015. Their sera or heart extracts were examined by modified indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, with the detection of antibodies against C. burnetii and F. tularensis in 12of animals. The prevalence of C. burnetii and F. tularensis antibodies statistically differed according to animal species and sex (p < 0.05); the seroprevalence of C. burnetii should be together in one line ] burnetii (p < 0.05) also differed in the sampling period. The highest prevalence of antibodies against C. burnetii and F. tularensis was detected in the case of M. glareolus (24% and 14 % and 14 %, respectively).