Publication details

A diversity of amoebae colonise the gills of farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) with amoebic gill disease (AGD)

Authors

ENGLISH Chloe J. TYML Tomáš BOTWRIGHT Natasha A. BARNES Andrew C. WYNNE James W. LIMA Paula C. COOK Mathew T.

Year of publication 2019
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source European Journal of Protistology
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Science

Citation
Web
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejop.2018.10.003
Keywords Amoebozoa; AGD; Aquaculture; Atlantic salmon; Discosea; Tubulinea
Description Neoparamoeba perurans is the aetiological agent of amoebic gill disease (AGD) in salmonids, however multiple other amoeba species colonise the gills and their role in AGD is unknown. Taxonomic assessments of these accompanying amoebae on AGD-affected salmon have previously been based on gross morphology alone. The aim of the present study was to document the diversity of amoebae colonising the gills of AGD-affected farmed Atlantic salmon using a combination of morphological and sequence-based taxonomic methods. Amoebae were characterised morphologically via light microscopy and transmission electron microscopy, and by phylogenetic analyses based on the 18S rRNA gene and cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COI) gene. In addition to N. perurans, 11 other amoebozoans were isolated from the gills, and were classified within the genera Neoparamoeba, Paramoeba, Vexillifera, Pseudoparamoeba, Vannella and Nolandella. In some cases, such as Paramoeba eilhardi, this is the first time this species has been isolated from the gills of teleost fish. Furthermore, sequencing of both the 18S rRNA and COI gene revealed significant genetic variation within genera. We highlight that there is a far greater diversity of amoebae colonising AGD-affected gills than previously established.
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