Publication details

TOI-503: The First Known Brown-dwarf Am-star Binary from the TESS Mission

Authors

ŠUBJAK Ján SHARMA Rishikesh CARMICHAEL Theron W. JOHNSON Marshall C. GONZALES Erica J. MATTHEWS Elisabeth BOFFIN Henri M. J. BRAHM Rafael CHATURVEDI Priyanka CHAKRABORTY Abhijit CIARDI David R. COLLINS Karen A. ESPOSITO Massimiliano FRIDLUND Malcolm GAN Tianjun GANDOLFI Davide GARCIA Rafael A. GUENTHER Eike HATZES Artie LATHAM David W. MATHIS Stephane MATHUR Savita PERSSON Carina M. RELLES Howard M. SCHLIEDER Joshua E. BARCLAY Thomas DRESSING Courtney D. CROSSFIELD Ian HOWARD Andrew W. RODLER Florian ZHOU George QUINN Samuel N. ESQUERDO Gilbert A. CALKINS Michael L. BERLIND Perry STASSUN Keivan G. BLAŽEK Martin SKARKA Marek ŠPOKOVÁ Magdalena ŽÁK Jiří ALBRECHT Simon ALONSO SOBRINO Roi BECK Paul CABRERA Juan CARLEO Ilaria COCHRAN William D. CSIZMADIA Szilard DAI Fei DEEG Hans J. DE LEON Jerome P. EIGMULLER Philipp ENDL Michael ERIKSON Anders FUKUI Akihiko GEORGIEVA Iskra GONZALEZ-CUESTA Lucia GRZIWA Sascha HIDALGO Diego HIRANO Teruyuki HJORTH Maria KNUDSTRUP Emil KORTH Judith LAM Kristine W. F. LIVINGSTON John H. LUND Mikkel N. LUQUE Rafael MONTANES RODRIGUEZ Pilar MURGAS Felipe NARITA Norio NESPRAL David NIRAULA Prajwal NOWAK Grzegorz PALLE Enric PATZOLD Martin PRIETO-ARRANZ Jorge RAUER Heike REDFIELD Seth RIBAS Ignasi SMITH Alexis M. S. VAN EYLEN Vincent KABATH Petr

Year of publication 2020
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Astronomical Journal
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Science

Citation
Web https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.3847/1538-3881/ab7245
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.3847/1538-3881/ab7245
Keywords Brown dwarfs; Stellar ages; Am stars; Spectroscopy; Transit photometry; Radial velocity; Stellar rotation; Stellar astronomy
Description We report the discovery of an intermediate-mass transiting brown dwarf (BD), TOI-503b, from the TESS mission. TOI-503b is the first BD discovered by TESS, and it has circular orbit around a metallic-line A-type star with a period of P.=.3.6772.+/-.0.0001 days. The light curve from TESS indicates that TOI-503b transits its host star in a grazing manner, which limits the precision with which we measure the BD's radius ( = R 1.34+ R b 0.150.26 J). We obtained highresolution spectroscopic observations with the FIES, Ondr.ejov, PARAS, Tautenburg, and TRES spectrographs, and measured the mass of TOI-503b to be Mb.=.53.7.+/-.1.2 MJ. The host star has a mass of Ma.=.1.80.+/-.0.06Me, a radius of Ra.=.1.70.+/-.0.05Re, an effective temperature of Teff.=.7650.+/-.160 K, and a relatively high metallicity of 0.61.+/-.0.07 dex. We used stellar isochrones to derive the age of the system to be 180 Myr, which places its age between that of RIK 72b (a 10 Myr old BD in the Upper Scorpius stellar association) and AD 3116b (a 600 Myr old BD in the Praesepe cluster). Given the difficulty in measuring the tidal interactions between BDs and their host stars, we cannot precisely say whether this BD formed in situ or has had its orbit circularized by its host star over the relatively short age of the system. Instead, we offer an examination of plausible values for the tidal quality factor for the star and BD. TOI-503b joins a growing number of known short-period, intermediate-mass BDs orbiting mainsequence stars, and is the second such BD known to transit an A star, after HATS-70b. With the growth in the population in this regime, the driest region in the BD desert (35-55MJ sin i) is reforesting.
Related projects:

You are running an old browser version. We recommend updating your browser to its latest version.

More info