Publication details

Rapid sequence induction: An international survey

Authors

KLUČKA Jozef KOSINOVÁ Martina ZACHAROWSKI Kai DE HERT Stefan KRATOCHVÍL Milan ŤOUKÁLKOVÁ Michaela ŠTOUDEK Roman ZELINKOVÁ Hana ŠTOURAČ Petr

Year of publication 2020
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source European Journal of Anaesthesiology
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Medicine

Citation
Web https://journals.lww.com/ejanaesthesiology/fulltext/2020/06000/rapid_sequence_induction__an_international_survey.2.aspx
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/EJA.0000000000001194
Keywords Rapid sequence induction
Description BACKGROUND Rapid sequence induction (RSI) is a standard procedure, which should be implemented in all patients with a risk of aspiration/regurgitation during anaesthesia induction. OBJECTIVE The primary aim was to evaluate clinical practice in RSI, both in adult and paediatric populations. DESIGN Online survey. SETTINGS A total of 56 countries. PARTICIPANTS Members of the European Society of Anaesthesiology. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES The aim was to identify and describe the actual clinical practice of RSI related to general anaesthesia. RESULTS From the 1921 respondents, 76.5% (n=1469) were qualified anaesthesiologists. When anaesthetising adults, the majority (61.7%, n=1081) of the respondents preoxygenated patients with 100% O-2 for 3 min and 65.9% (n=1155) administered opioids during RSI. The Sellick manoeuvre was used by 38.5% (n=675) and was not used by 37.4%(n=656) of respondents. First-linemedications for a haemodynamically stable adult patient were propofol (90.6%, n=1571) and suxamethonium (56.0%, n=932). Manual ventilation (inspiratory pressure<12cmH(2)O) was used in 35.5% (n=622) of respondents. In the majority of paediatric patients, 3 min of preoxygenation (56.6%, n=817) and opioids (54.9%, n=797) were administered. The Sellick manoeuvre and manual ventilation (inspiratory pressure <12cmH(2)O) in children were used by 23.5% (n=340) and 35.9% (n=517) of respondents, respectively. First-line induction drugs for a haemodynamically stable child were propofol (82.8%, n=1153) and rocuronium (54.7%, n=741). CONCLUSION We found significant heterogeneity in the daily clinical practice of RSI. For patient safety, our findings emphasise the need for international RSI guidelines.
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