Publication details

Confocal laser endomicroscopy in the diagnostics of esophageal diseases: a pilot study

Authors

KUNOVSKÝ Lumír KALA Zdeněk KROUPA Radek GROLICH Tomáš DOLINA Jiří DASTYCH Milan VACULOVÁ Jitka VLAŽNÝ Jakub MORAVČÍK Petr IZAKOVIČOVÁ HOLLÁ Lydie BOŘILOVÁ LINHARTOVÁ Petra JABANDŽIEV Petr PROCHÁZKA Vladimír

Year of publication 2020
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Vnitřní lékařství
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Medicine

Citation
Web https://www.casopisvnitrnilekarstvi.cz/artkey/vnl-202005-0013_confocal-laser-endomicroscopy-in-the-diagnostics-of-esophageal-diseases-a-pilot-study.php
Keywords Barrett’s esophagus; confocal laser endomicroscopy; esophageal cancer; esophagitis
Description Background: Probe based confocal laser endomicroscopy (pCLE) is a novel diagnostic technique for endoscopy which enables a microscopic view at a cellular resolution in real time. Endoscopic detection of early neoplasia in the distal esophagus is difficult and often these lesions can be missed. The aim of the pilot study was to obtain characteristic pCLE figures in esophageal diseases for following studies, and to evaluate the possible future role of pCLE in the diagnostics of dysplastic Barrett's esophagus (BE) or early esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC). Methods: A review of the current literature was performed and previously published pCLE images and classifications of esophageal diseases were searched and studied first. In phase two of the pilot study patients with esophageal diseases such as reflux esophagitis, BE and EAC were enrolled and scheduled for upper endoscopy with pCLE. A healthy cohort was also included. Results: From January 2019 to July 2019, a total of 14 patients were enrolled in this prospective pilot study: 3 patients with reflux esophagitis, 4 with BE, 3 with EAC and 4 persons were included in the healthy cohort. The endoscopy with pCLE was performed and characteristic pCLE figures were obtained. The correct diagnoses based on real time pCLE were evaluated by an endoscopist in 11 of the 14 cases (78.6 %). Conclusion: It was possible to obtain typical pCLE images of esophageal diseases during a standard cap assisted endoscopic procedure. pCLE seems to be a feasible new technique in BE surveillance and early neoplastic lesion detection. However, more studies and data on larger number of patients are needed.
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