Publication details

A Rare Low-mass Short-period Eclipsing Binary Candidate With A Close-in Non-coplanar Stellar Companion



Year of publication 2021
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source New Astronomy
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Science

Keywords binary; eclipsing binary; orbital period; light curves
Description First multi-colour light curves (LCs) of the short-period contact eclipsing binary (CEB) 1SWASP J224747.20351849.3 (hereafter J2247) are presented and analyzed by using the 2013 version of the Wilson-Devinney (W - D) code in this paper. We found that J2247 was a low-mass W-subtype medium CEB. Third light was detected and the average luminosity contribution (l(3)/L-all) was as high as 67.89%. Until now, it is the first reported CEB near the period cut-off with so strong third light. Using the O - C (observed-calculated) method, we analyzed its orbital period variations. We found that its O - C diagram shows a secular increase superimposed on a cyclic oscillation. The orbital period increases at a rate of dP/dt = +1.87 x 10(-7) days yr(-1), which can be explained by the mass transfer from the less massive component to the more massive one. Meanwhile, the 0 - C diagram also displays a cyclic oscillation with a period about 5.17 years and an amplitude of 0.0032 days, which may due to the light-travel time effect (LITE) arising from the gravitational influence of a close-in tertiary component. The mass of the additional component is M(3)sin(i(3)) =0.24(+/- 0.01)M-circle dot, and the orbital distance between the tertiary component and the central binary is about 2.82(+/- 0.05) au. All of these suggest that the third body is not coplanar with the central system, at the same time, the orbital inclination is low. This close-in companion may helps to speed up the formation and evolution of J2247 by drawing angular momentum from the central system.

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