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Další objekt s brázděným vpichem a s doklady zpracování rohovce typu Stránská skála z Brna-Maloměřic

Title in English Another feature with furrow stroke pottery and with documents of processing of the Stránská skála type chert from Brno-Maloměřice

ŠMÍD Miroslav KOS Petr PŘICHYSTAL Antonín

Year of publication 2021
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Pravěk NŘ
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Science

Keywords Moravia; Brno-Maloměřice; Initial and Early Eneolithic; settlement; „Furchenstich“ pottery; chipped industry; Stránská skála cherts; evidence of metallurgy
Description In the years 2017–2019, the next phase of excavation took place in Brno-Maloměřice, during which a total of 21 features were registered and excavated. This paper is devoted to two of them; the first, feature 505/2017, provided a comprehensive collection of pottery from the end of the early Eneolithic, containing three distinct components: Epilengyel, Funnel Beaker, and „Furchenstich“ pottery. It is the second find of the same nature from this site. The next one, feature 517/2017, is dated to the earlier phase of the Baalber stage of the Funnel Beaker Culture. He provided a fragment of the bowl-shaped crucible, which enlarged existing evidence of early Eneolithic metallurgy in Moravia, and a chronologically very well-grasped amphora ear with a target application of Hunyadihalom-type. The two early Eneolithic objects also provided a voluminous collection of chipped industry, showing the intensive processing of the chert from the Stránská skála in Brno-Slatina. They were close together and could therefore be considered to have belonged to a single production site. Currently obtained 14C data from the 500/2016 object verifies the justification of setting aside a horizon with an „archaic“ Furchenstich in Moravia, and opens the way to reflections on cultural and chronological intermingling at the end of the initial and early Eneolithic. Comparison and the resulting conclusions suggest the real possibility of the parallel development of two distinct components, involved in the formation of the MoravianAustrian Funnel Beaker group – assemblages of the character of the Božice deposit on the one hand and with the oldest Baalberg pottery on the other.

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