Publication details

Das Handelsrecht und seine Entwicklung im Protektorat Böhmen und Mähren (1939–1945)

Title in English Commercial Law and its Developments in the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia 1939–1945


Year of publication 2021
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Journal on European History of Law
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Law

Web Web časopisu
Keywords Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia; Third Reich; private law; commercial law; Austrian Commercial Code; corporations; securities law; patent law; promissory note law.
Description This article focuses on the state interventions in the sphere of commercial law in the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia during the years 1939-1945. Protectorate citizens (the Czechs) were mainly governed within the scope of commercial law by the Austrian Commercial Code of 1863, inherited from the Habsburg monarchy, which received only minor alterations. During the war, the Minister of Justice had wide powers to enforce restrictions or waive certain limitations when it came to commercial law, which was mainly justified by public order concerns and the environment of the war economy. The article takes note, among other issues, of the changes in corporation law, obligation law, patent law or securities law. During the existence of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, an entirely new system of regulation was also introduced for promissory notes and cheques.

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