Publication details

"Obracení" poutních kramářských písní. Panna Marie Vranovská



Year of publication 2021
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Acta Musei Nationalis Pragae – Historia litterarum
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Keywords pilgrimage broadside ballads; pilgrimage sites; interrelations; appropriation; populare culture
Description The focus of this paper is on the Czech pilgrimage broadside ballads and their adapting for different pilgrimage sites. The heyday of Czech broadside ballads (1750–1850) covered also the period in which pilgrimages to both local and more distant holy sites were extremely popular. Collective singing played very important role during pilgrimages and broadside ballads became the most popular medium for disseminating of pilgrimage songs. The increasing demand on pilgrimage songs for local sites led to the intensive production of pilgrimage broadside ballads, supported also by the fact that some printing houses were situated in the neighbourhood of the holy sites. The present case study deals with 46 broadside ballads to the pilgrimage site of Vranov from the mid-18th century to the late-19th century. Through comparism of the similiar broadside ballads to other Czech and Moravian pilgrimage sites I explore the genesis of the texts and their further development. I present three typical ways of adapting the texts for another pilgrimage site: 1.„turning“ by only changing the name of the holy person or the site 2. replacement of the founding legend 3. appropriation of the original founding legend. In analyzing and comparing the narratives, I find, the notion of collective memory (Nora 1989) is very helpful: that is, pilgrimage broadside ballads are introduced as a medium of collective memory, for which remembering, forgetting, deformation and appropriation is very common. The analysed interrelations among the pilgrimage broadside ballads witness that the texts are typical genre of popular culture, where circulation and reusing of texts is frequent and natural.

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