Publication details

Software pro měření deduktivního usuzování dětí (Elliot a nečekaní návštěvníci)

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Title in English Software for Measuring Children's Deductive Reasoning (Elliot and the Unexpected Visitors)
Authors

JABŮREK Michal PORTEŠOVÁ Šárka STRAKA Ondřej ŤÁPAL Adam NOVÁK Zdeněk BÍZA Martin KOTTMAN Jan PALÍŠEK Petr

Year of publication 2021
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Social Studies

Description The “Elliot” software is designed to measure the level of deductive reasoning. The deductive reasoning pertains – in the framework of C-H-C theory of intelligence – to a broader ability of fluid reasoning, i.e. the ability to successfully solve novel problems that call for logical thinking. In the case of this program, the logical reasoning relates to deduction, i.e. inferring conclusions from a set of premises through applying operations described by formal logic (such as conjunction, disjunction, negation etc.). To increase the engagement of assessed persons and to reduce their test anxiety, the program makes use of the GBA paradigm: the tasks are framed as a computer game, including gamified features, such as a simple narrative, comics, sounds, points, etc. In this particular tool, the game requires the player to accommodate a group of extraterrestrials in different houses, while respecting the set of conditions presented at the right side of the screen. The software is primarily intended to identify gifted children, but at the same time its norms cover almost whole range of the measured ability. This software is based on modern scientific knowledge in the domain of psychology of cognitive abilities. It allows group testing, which is carried out on-line, even in the case of potentially very large populations of children. In the Czech context the product is unique by its nature. Immediately after the administration itself the program evaluates the outcomes on the basis of the norms acquired in the standardization with several hundred children in a number of regions of the Czech Republic. An IRT approach is used for the evaluation of the outcomes, the software implements Rasch model to this end. Beside immediate benefits in the form of providing information about the child´s abilities to his/her parents or teachers, the program is also linked to a large database, which enables acquiring and storing the information and its further analyses.
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