Publication details

Von der Form zur Funktion, vom Text zur Strukturentdeckung der Fachtexte

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Title in English Form and Function: From Common Texts to Structures of Technical Texts


Year of publication 2022
Type Appeared in Conference without Proceedings
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Education

Description Freedom of movement and settlement within the EU brings the need, even the desire, to master the language of the new home country on both a general and professional/technical level. While the management of international companies used to push the use of English as the company language, a turnaround towards the use of the national language has become apparent in recent years. A similar trend can be seen in ERASMUS students' stays abroad. While the language of instruction in non-linguistic subjects mostly remains English, the "hunger" for basic knowledge of the national language is clear and basic orientation in the subject area in the target language is necessary. This call was answered by a number of projects (first and foremost the OLS, Online Linguistic Support), and more recently the SEAH project, which is developing a learners' platform with a text corpus for students of architecture and civil engineering. We take a closer look at this platform and compare it with texts from a general corpus and answer these questions : What are the formal differences between general and specialised texts? General language texts are compared with specialised texts (corpuses deTenTen and SEAH). How can structures of a technical language be inferred from data in the SEAH corpus? How can these be consolidated and used in the self-learning process? A corpus is regarded as a representative of the forms whose functions have to be interpreted. Statistical differences between a corpus of general language and a special corpus (here, architecture and building) are discussed. Then, we deal with those forms which can have different functions in different corpora. In this way, typical structures of a specialised language can be uncovered. Subsequently, tasks and exercise activities are designed that can consolidate these structures and phenomena.
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