Publication details

Burial and thermal history of the eastern transform boundary of the central western carpathians based on 1D basin modeling


ZIELIŃSKA Magdalena JIRMAN Petr GELD Przemysław BOTOR Dariusz

Year of publication 2023
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Marine and Petroleum Geology
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Science

Keywords Western carpathians; Basin modeling; Organic petrography; Vitrinite reflectance; Thermal maturity; Heat flow; Soft collision
Attached files
Description This paper represents the first data on the thermal and burial history of Mesozoic and Cenozoic sedimentary rocks in the Maruszyna IG-1 deep borehole from the transpressional shear zone of the Western Carpathians. Representative, organic-rich mudstone and claystone samples were selected to determine thermal maturity using mean random vitrinite reflectance (Ro) and thermal alteration index (TAI) data. The reconstruction of the thermal history of fold-and-thrust units was carried out using 1D modeling. This study uniquely distinguishes various thermal maturity levels in the deep profile determined by strata repetition, different absorption of clay and carbonate mineral settings and structural thermal changes in humic particles and palynomorphs. Reflectance of autochthonous vitrinite varies from 0.77 to 1.95% indicating thermally mature to overmature organic matter. Different subsidence-uplift models were tested during modeling in order to find a plausible scenario of tectonic development and heat flow history. The thermal maturity of the individual thrust sheets was modeled separately allowing their individual thermal histories to be investigated before and after the main and final thrusting phase. The best-calibrated scenario assumes a low paleo heat flow ranging from 45 to 54 mW.m-2, affecting the eastern part of the Western Carpathians. The maximum temperature which lead to maturation of the organic matter seems to be related to its successive burial during Cretaceous due to compressional deformation. Individual thrust sheets reached thermal maturity prior to the final thrusting phase. The overthrust was accompanied by 3000–4000 m burial/erosion resulting in different thermal pathways during wedge growth.

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