Publication details

Calling 911 in Response to Stroke. A Nationwide Study Assessing Definitive Individual Behavior


MIKULÍK Robert BUNT Laura Anne HRDLIČKA Daniel DUŠEK Ladislav VÁCLAVÍK Daniel KRÝZA Jiří

Year of publication 2008
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Stroke : a journal of cerebral circulation
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Medicine

Field Neurology, neurosurgery, neurosciences
Keywords stroke; emergency medical services; educational campaigns; awareness; thrombolysis
Description Background and Purpose: Stroke treatment is timedependent, yet no study has systematically examined response to individual stroke symptoms in the general population. This nationwide study identifies which specific factors prompt correct response (calling 911) to stroke. Methods: Between November and December of 2005, a survey using a 3 stage random sampling method including area,household, and household member sampling was conducted throughout the Czech Republic. Participants more than 40 years old were personally interviewed via a structured and standardized questionnaire concerning general knowledge and correct response to stroke as assessed by the Stroke Action Test (STAT). Predictors of scoring more thanb 50% on STAT were identified by multiple regression. Results: A total of 650 households were contacted, yielding 592 interviews (response rate 91%). Mean age was 58 plus minus 12, 55% women. Sixtynine percent thought stroke was serious condition, and 57% thought it could be treated. Also 54% correctly named 2 or more risk factors, and 46% named 2 or more warning signs. Eighteen percent of respondents scored more than 50% on STAT. The predictors of such a score were age (for each 10 year increment, OR 1.4, 95% CI 1.2 to 1.7), secondary school education (OR 1.7, 95% CI 1.1 to 2.6), knowing that stroke is a serious disease (OR 1.8, 95% CI 1.1 to 3.1), and knowing that stroke is treatable (OR 2.0, 95% CI 1.2 to 3.2). Conclusions: Knowledge about stroke in the Czech Republic was fair, yet response to warning signs was poor. Our study is the first to identify that calling 911 was influenced by knowledge that stroke is a serious and treatable disease and not by recognition of symptoms.
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