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Nové germánské sídliště s nálezem terry sigillaty v Mikulovicích, okr. Pardubice

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Title in English New Germanic Settlement with Terra Sigillata Finding in Mikulovice, Pardubice district


Year of publication 2008
Type Chapter of a book
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Arts

Description The feature No. 165 yielded in total 7 fragments of terra sigillata. All of them come from the popular form of deep relief decorated bowl Drag. 37. The character of material and surface as well as the context of relief motifs used indicate that all the fragments originally pertained to one and the same vessel. The ceramic material is homogenous, high fired, brick red with touch of pink; the surface is (dark) reddish brown coloured, well preserved, rubbed off to a greater extent only at edges and partially on the relief. Most fragments show a slightly flat gloss, only the items No. 6 and 7 are secondarily burnt into light grey colour. According to the relief motifs identified we can reconstruct a possible appearance of relief decoration on this bowl (mouth diameter ca 180 mm, foot rim diameter 75 mm, shard thickness 6, 8 mm). Below the horizontally placed ovolo, maybe Rogers B 206, and beaded border Rogers A 2 or A 12, there was a broad pictorial frieze with loosely distributed, repeated motifs (so called freestyle) of running or jumping wild animals: at the bottom a bear running left, maybe Osw. 1620, and a deer jumping right Osw. 1732 (= ibex Déch. 860), above them a panther jumping right, maybe Osw. 1509, and probably a lion, loosely between the animals there are bended lobed leaflets Rogers K 37. The quality of relief, character of material and surface and above all the relief motifs refer unequivocally to the Central Gaulish ware representing almost one third of the finds from Bohemia at all. Analogies can be found mainly in the manufacturers Paternus II (production dated ca 160 to 190 CE) and Laxtucissa (150 to 170 180 CE). Decisive evidence is being offered by the producers stamp placed slantwise within the decoration field somewhat rubbed off, perceptible are 4 retrographic imprinted letters in the second part of the stamp: ..TVCI The original complete form of the name stamp LAXTUCI is then reliably deciphered with the help of numerous analogies (see e. g. CGP: Pl. 97:1, 4,6 to 7; 100:23,24; Walke 1965, 30, Tf. 12:3; Fischer 1981, 95, Abb. 17:94; Faber 1994, 198; Fischer 1990, 53, Tf. 1 C, 2). Thus, it was most probably master Laxtucissa who had manufactured the sigillata from Mikulovice. Laxtucissas sigillata is to be found both in provinces and on the Limes (among others also in destruction horizons being associated with the Marcomannic wars in Carnuntum, Aquincum and Pécsvárad in Pannonia Gabler 1994, 356 359, 366, Tab. 1; as well at the site Regensburg, Kumpfmühl in Raetia Fischer 1994, 343 344; Faber 1994, 184, 198); from the territory of wider Central European barbaricum so far maybe fragments just 8 relief-decorated vessels are known associable with Laxtucissa.Terra sigillata from Mikulovice represents so far the easternmost find of its kind in Bohemia. In the eastern Bohemian region it is just the fourth or third site proved (Halama 2007, 239, mapa 1) that could point to the communicational importance of this area.
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