Publication details

Haplotype analysis of interleukin 18 (IL-18) gene in Czech patients with allergic disorders

Authors

IZAKOVIČOVÁ HOLLÁ Lydie HRDLIČKOVÁ Barbara SCHÜLLER Marcel BUČKOVÁ Dana KINDLOVÁ Dagmar IZAKOVIČ Vincent VAŠKŮ Anna

Year of publication 2010
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Human Immunology
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Medicine

Citation
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.humimm.2010.03.004
Field Immunology
Keywords allergic diseases; asthma; IL-18; haplotype; polymorphism
Description The interleukin-18 (IL-18) gene on chromosome 11q22 has been suggested as a susceptibility factor for allergies. To test for a possible role of IL-18 polymorphisms in Czech population, case-control study including 958 subjects (633 allergic patients and 325 healthy controls) was performed. An allele-specific polymerase chain reaction was used to analyze variants at positions -607 C/A (rs1946518) and -137 G/C (rs187238) in the promoter region together with the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism method for the detection of polymorphism at position -140 C/G (previously -133 C/G, rs360721) in intron 1 of the IL-18 gene. The -1297 C/T (rs360719) polymorphism was genotyped by real-time-polymerase chain reaction, using a predevelopment TaqMan allele discrimination assay. There were no significant differences in distribution of alleles or genotypes in any of four single nucleotide polymorphisms in the IL-18 gene between controls and patients. However, subsequent analysis revealed a significant difference in haplotype frequencies between the allergic patients and healthy subjects (p < 0.01). Haplotype formed by -1297 C/-607 A/-137 C/-140 C alleles occurred significantly more frequently in patients than controls (0.0433 vs 0.0129; p < 0.0003; p(corr)< 0.01, OR = 3.37; 95% CI = 1.59-7.14). In contrast, there was no relationship among the IL-18 variants and total serum IgE level. Our results indicate that promoter polymorphisms in the IL-18 gene act in interaction and could play a role in allergic disorders.
Related projects: