Publication details

Komplikace spojené s radioterapií karcinomu prostaty, jejich prevence a léčba

Title in English Prostate cancer radiotherapy – related complications, their prevention and treatment


Year of publication 2011
Type Article in Periodical
Magazine / Source Urologie pro praxi
MU Faculty or unit

Faculty of Medicine

Field Other medical specializations
Keywords Prostate cancer; radiotherapy; complications
Description Radiotherapy for prostate cancer is connected with urinary and gastrointestinal toxicity. We distinguish two types of adverse effects: early (acute) and late (chronic). In the course of radiotherapy and shortly after the treatment completion we can expect intestinal frequency, tenesmus, diarrhoea, rectal bleeding, pollakisuria, dysuria, acute urinary retention and hematuria. Late sequelae of radiotherapy originate several months till years after the treatment and manifest as postradiation proctitis and cystitis, rectal a urethral strictures, ulcers, bowel obstruction and perforation and fistulae. 40–50 % patiens with prostate cancer treated with external beam radiation therapy have erectile dysfunction. Patient co-operation and régime and dietary arrangements are important in prevention of postradiation complications. Treatment of less serious complications is symptomatic, serious acute and late sequelae of treatment are subjekt matter for gastroenterologist and urologist.

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