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Sustainable urban development in a city affected by heavy industry and mining? Case study of brownfields in Karvina, Czech Republic

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MARTINÁT Stanislav DVOŘÁK Petr FRANTÁL Bohumil KLUSÁČEK Petr KUNC Josef NAVRÁTIL Josef OSMAN Robert TUREČKOVÁ Kamila REED Matthew

Rok publikování 2016
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Journal of Cleaner Production
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Ekonomicko-správní fakulta

Citace
www Celý článek
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.01.029
Obor Zemský magnetismus, geodesie, geografie
Klíčová slova Brownfields; Human Geography; Spatial analysis; Karvina; Czech Republic
Popis Due to recent societal changes ‘brownfield’ sites have gradually become a significant element in planning urban development. Brownfields can occur as a barrier and obstacle to the development of the urban organism but simultaneously they also represent unrealised potential. Brownfields, ex-industrial sites, are greater in those cities whose development was based on heavy industry or mining. In the first part of this paper theoretical concepts linked to the regeneration of brownfields are discussed, the second part is devoted to a case study of Karvina, in the Czech Republic, where the driving forces behind the occurrence of brownfields, their spatial distribution, and their prospects for regeneration are analysed. It was found that 28 brownfield sites on 121 ha are located in surveyed city with the majority having industrial and mining origins. Majority of local brownfields are owned by a local mining company. The perception of individual sites by the local population was ascertained via a questionnaire survey (n = 150). This found that awareness about problems connected to brownfields is quite limited and that local population perceive post-mining brownfields, located in more distant locations, as an opportunity for new industries to create job opportunities in city with significant unemployment problems.
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