Informace o publikaci

The variability of standard artificial soils: Effects on the survival and reproduction of springtail (Folsomia candida) and potworm (Enchytraeus crypticus)



Rok publikování 2015
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Přírodovědecká fakulta

Obor Kontaminace a dekontaminace půdy včetně pesticidů
Klíčová slova Artificial soil; Bioassays; Reproduction; Folsomia candida; Enchytraeus nypticus
Popis Recent studies have documented significant variability in the basic properties of artificial soil which is used as a standard medium in soil bioassays. Variability in key soil properties could confound the interpretation of toxicity data and bias the output of bioassays. The main aims of this study were (i) to identify the variability in the endpoints survival and reproduction of Folsomia candida and Enchytraeus crypticus related to the artificials soils prepared in different laboratories and (ii) to identify the specific physico-chemical properties of the artificial soils which influence the bioassays results. The results of reproduction tests showed that nearly all tested artificial soils were suitable for the survival and reproduction of both organisms as the validity criteria from the test standards were fulfilled. However, numbers of juveniles varied significantly among soils. The most important factor for E. candida performance was a coarser soil structure. C:N ratio ( <22.6) were important for the reproduction of E. crypticus. Both species tolerated a pH (KCl) of artificial soils in the range of 4.27-6.8 and even low TOC (1.5%). Thus, it is possible to reduce peat content in artificial soils, which may increase the comparability of results to those for natural soils.
Související projekty: