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Cytokinins influence root gravitropism via differential regulation of auxin transporter expression and localization in Arabidopsis

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PERNISOVÁ Markéta PRÁT Tomáš GRONES Peter HARUŠTIAKOVÁ Danka MATONOHOVÁ Martina SPÍCHAL Lukáš NODZYNSKI Tomasz FRIML Jiří HEJÁTKO Jan

Rok publikování 2016
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj New Phytologist
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Středoevropský technologický institut

Citace
www http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/nph.14049/abstract;jsessionid=06B6FBE103A10C93E72D3E2472F1E40A.f02t03
Doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/nph.14049
Obor Genetika a molekulární biologie
Klíčová slova Arabidopsis; AUX1; auxin; cytokinins; PIN-FORMED (PIN); root gravitropism
Přiložené soubory
Popis • Redirection of intercellular auxin fluxes via relocalization of the PIN3 and PIN7 auxin efflux carriers has been suggested to be necessary for the root gravitropic response. Cytokinins have also been proposed to play a role in controlling root gravitropism, but conclusive evidence is lacking. • We present a detailed study of the dynamics of root bending early after gravistimulation, which revealed a delayed gravitropic response in transgenic lines with depleted endogenous cytokinins (Pro35S:AtCKX) and cytokinin signaling mutants. Pro35S:AtCKX lines as well as a cytokinin receptor mutant ahk3 showed aberrations in the auxin response distribution in columella cells consistent with defects in the auxin transport machinery. • Using in vivo real-time imaging of PIN3-GFP and PIN7-GFP in AtCKX3 overexpression and ahk3 backgrounds, we observed wild type-like relocalization of PIN proteins in columella early after gravistimulation, with gravity-induced relocalization of PIN7 faster than that of PIN3. Nonetheless, the cellular distribution of PIN3 and PIN7 and expression of PIN7 and the auxin influx carrier AUX1 was affected in AtCKX overexpression lines. • Based on the retained cytokinin sensitivity in pin3 pin4 pin7 mutant, we propose the AUX1-mediated auxin transport rather than columella-located PIN proteins as a target of endogenous cytokinins in the control of root gravitropism.
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