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Hepatitidis E virus

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KUBANKOVA M NEMECEK V CHALUPA P MIHALČIN Matúš VASICKOVA P

Rok publikování 2016
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Čs. epidemiologie, mikrobiologie, imunologie
Citace
Klíčová slova hepatitis E; zoonosis; food-borne infection
Popis The number of detected cases of hepatitis E (HE) shows an increasing trend in the Czech Republic, probably due the introduction of new diagnostic methods and greater awareness of HE. In most cases, the source of infection has remained unconfirmed or entirely unclear. The causative agent, toe hepatitis E virus (HEV), belongs to the Hepeviridae family Recently, many isolates from mammals, birds, and fish have been identified. REV is widespread among farm gigs and wild boar populations all over the word. Both species serve as HEV reservoirs. Consumption of undercooked meat or offal from the reservoir animals is considered to be unsafe due to zoonotic transmission of HEV. The aim of the present article is to summarize recent findings regarding HEV.