Informace o publikaci

Radially and temporally resolved electric eld of positive streamers in air and modelling of the induced plasma chemistry

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Rok publikování 2016
Druh Článek v odborném periodiku
Časopis / Zdroj Plasma Sources Science and Technology
Fakulta / Pracoviště MU

Přírodovědecká fakulta

Obor Fyzika plazmatu a výboje v plynech
Klíčová slova streamer;electric field;Blue Jet;air plasma chemistry;transient luminous event
Popis The initial stages of transient luminous events (TLEs) occurring in the upper atmosphere of the Earth are, in a certain pressure range, controlled by the streamer mechanism. This paper presents the results of the rst laboratory experiments to study the TLE streamer phenomena under conditions close to those of the upper atmosphere. Spectrally and highly spatiotemporally resolved emissions originating from radiative states N2(C3Pi u) (second positive system) and N2+(B2Sigma u+) (first negative system) have been recorded from the positive streamer discharge. Periodic ionizing events were generated in a barrier discharge arrangement at a pressure of 4 torr of synthetic air, i.e. simulating the pressure conditions at altitudes of cca. 37 km. Employing Abel inversion on the radially scanned streamer emission and a 2D tting procedure, access was obtained to the local spectral signatures within the over 10^6 ms-1 fast propagating streamers. The reduced electric eld strength distribution within the streamer head was determined from the ratio of the band intensities with peak values up to 500 Td and overall duration of about 10 ns. The 2D pro les of the streamer head electric elds were used as an experimentally obtained input for kinetic simulations of the streamer-induced air plasma chemistry. The radial and temporal computed distribution of the ground vibrational levels of the radiative states involved in the radiative transitions analyzed (337.1 nm and 391.5 nm), atomic oxygen, nitrogen, nitric oxide and ozone concentrations are vizualized and discussed in comparison with available models of the streamer phase of Blue Jet discharges in the stratosphere.
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